Electric motorcycles and scooters are electric vehicles with two or three wheels. The electricity is stored on board in a rechargeable battery, which drives one or more electric motors. Electric Motorbike have gained popularity in the last decade, and the industry has matured and consolidated in supply-chain and key components manufacturing. However, the basic use case is for urban dwellers where electricity is readily available to charge the batteries relatively frequently. A typical capacity of a e- Motorbike battery pack is 1-2 kWh, delivering a typical top speed of 60 km/h and range of 60 km.
Electric Motorcycle framework and traction designed are similar to traditional ICE Motorcycles in functionality and appearance. Instead of an ICE engine and transmission drive chain, modern e-Motorcycle use lithium-ion battery packs for power, and electric motors for torque. Increasing brushless DC motors are used and mounted directly into rear wheel hub (direct drive as opposed to chain drive). The Electric Motor Electric motorcycle has come a long way due to advancement in battery and modern brushless DC motor technology. BLDC motors offers compact size, high torque, and high efficiency. Industrial scale of production also reduces the overall cost and durability. Modern power electronics provide precise, efficient, and safe operation of motors.
Battery pack need to match the required power profile the vehicle. Urban moped running at 40-50 km/h typically operate at 48V, while larger lang-range motorbikes designed to run >80km/h will require voltage at 72V. Omnivoltaic focuses on motorbikes with typical specifications of the battery
Battery needs to be charged at homes or at charging station.
Home use charger is generally limited in power hence charging speed, intended for over-night charging from standard home single phase A/C outlets. For safety and economy, typical rating will be 10 A.
Central charging stations can offer power outlets, or battery swapping, both are considerably faster. Motorbikes are well-suited to battery swapping because the battery can be easily removed from the Motorcycle battery compartment and replaced with a freshly charged one. In electricity constrained locations, solar charging is a key enabler to the availability of charging services.
Barrier due to cost of access can be greatly reduced through various business models such as Battery Swapping, Rent-to-Own and Pay-As-You-Go. To facilitate these business models, robust asset tracking technology through IoT, GPS and device identification technology are necessary. Omnivoltaic e-Mobility Omnivoltaic is launching a suite of e-mobility related technologies